At present, there are some 185 recognized members of the United Nations. In addition, there are over 50 members of the Unrecognized Nations and Peoples Organization. Toss in a handfull of "recognized" countries that don't belong to the UN, and there are some 240 countries on this planet. These are the Macronations.
But that's only part of the story.
For decades, a sub-culture of intrepid pioneers have founded what are known as Micronations. Some are intensely serious, some are completely silly, some are even successful! This phenomenon has spawned what is known as Micropatrology, the science of the study of Micronations. Micronations fall into three distinct categories (in descending order of real-world relevance):
The Internet has given Micronatons a forum to express themselves in a bewildering array of forms. Many Micronations have come into being solely over the Internet, with their citizens communicating over email and setting up sites on the World Wide Web. Some use the Internet as an outlet for recruiting or information, keeping their main thrust in the real-world. This site is an attempt to catalog all of the Internet resources that pertain to Micronations in a single place.
This site hosts not only a comprehensive listing of Micronations with a presence on the World Wide Web, but a listing of other web sites that deal with Micropatrology in general, intermicronational organizations, etc.